According to statista.com over 5 billion people in the world currently posses a cell phone. Without much argument, it can be agreed that the mobile revolution changed the world. The disagreements sit more around if the mobile change was a good or a bad thing. However, for the sake of this article, and having a technology based writing platform, I’m going to side on the fact that it is good. Along with the changing mobile technology in the form of your phone, connections behind your device have changed dramatically as well. So what does 5G mean anyway and why do I care which my phone uses?
To get an important piece of information out of the way, the “G” means generation.
When phones first came out, they existed on a network known as 1G. It allowed mobile phone users to make cell phone calls. 2G, which appeared a short time later, introduced text messages. 3G gave us data and the ability to surf the web. 4G came in several forms all of which worked to push the connection faster. Of those forms, LTE (Long Term Evolution) eventually won out due to its standardized system. From there, most people became familiar with 4G LTE.
On to 5G. AT&T and Verizon have both said that they plan to release 5G in several areas of the United States later on this year (2018). What does that mean for us? Well, to put it simple: faster speeds.
Currently, 4G LTE allows us to download about 1 gigabit per second. But wait, that is when the system works perfectly. When you have a tower in the exact place you need it, no buildings are around, North Korea isn’t jamming your signal, the contrails aren’t causing interference, and there happens to be no clouds of insects hovering nearby. The fact is, although the technology can reach 1 gigabit in speed, no one really ever gets there.
Enter 5G technology. 5G will allow our phones to reach speeds of 10 gigabits per second. This will give you the ability to download a full HD movie in just a few seconds vs. the old time of 20 minutes to an hour (depending on the roaming bug clouds).
Sure, we are going to have the same obstacles interfering with our 10 gigabit speed, but when you are no longer drinking out of a straw and instead you’ve turned on the faucet, a lot more gets through anyway.